What is the SEC?
Korin Hedlund avatar
Written by Korin Hedlund
Updated over a week ago

As the Great Depression wreaked havoc on Americans’ confidence in the U.S. markets, Congress passed the Securities Act of 1933, also known as the “Truth in Securities” law, which had two primary objectives:

  • Require that investors receive financial and other significant information concerning securities being offered for public sale

  • Prohibit deceit, misrepresentations, and other fraud in the sale of securities

The following year, Congress passed the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, which created the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, or “SEC” for short. The SEC has a three-part mission

  • Protect investors

  • Maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets

  • Facilitate capital formation

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